A study on the impact of pharmacist interventions in anti-diabetic therapy
M Ranga Priya
Aim & Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of clinical pharmacist services in the proper management of diabetes mellitus. Methods: A retrospective observational study was conducted in 105 patients for a period of 1 year in Vivekananda Medical Care Hospital, Elayampalayam, Namakkal, Tamil Nadu. Approximately 105 patients were randomly selected after getting their consent informally. Total 50 patient records of age from 18-80 years, both male and female, diagnosed with Diabetes mellitus and on oral hypoglycemic therapy were included. Results: Majority of ADRs were found in the age group of 40-50 and 60-70 years which accounted to be 2 (33.33%) while that of others was found to be 1(16.66%). Sulfonylureas and Biguaideswere found to cause maximum number of ADRs 2 (33.33%) followed by dipeptidyl peptidase -4 inhibtors and injections 1 (16.66%). Causality assessment showed majority of cases to be probable 3(50.02%), followed by possible, highly probable and unlikely 1 (16.66%). 16 DRPs were found which comprised of 7 errors due to use of drug without indication, 8 due to drug -drug interaction and 1 drug – food interaction. Conclusion: The study shows that the observations of the pharmacist help out in identifying certain adverse reactions that could be avoided or taken care in a proper manner. The Pharmacists’ interventions may help the health care team to provide a rationale patient care and good patient compliance.